Month: October 2011

What is Your Ikigai?

This is my first blog on Responsible Faith. I thought that before I presented any of the issues from my website for discussion, I would share an essay I wrote recently, entitled What’s your Ikigai? I think clarifying what our Ikigai is a good place to start.Ikigai is a Japanese word that means, what’s your sense of in , or what gets you out of bed in the morning. I’ll let the essay speak for itself, but in case you’re wondering what’s my Ikigai is, I have a number of them. Since I retired my major Ikigai for the past five years has been writing. To paraphrase the French philosopher, Descartes, “I write, therefore I am”!  What’s your Ikigai?

It’s never been easy to be a human being! We have always had to wrestle with strong and painful fears. Now if we face ourselves honestly, or if we merely eavesdrop on the secret murmurings of our heart, isn’t this what we discover—that one of our basic fears, the fear beneath many fears is the dread of being nothing, of having no real importance, no lasting worth, no in .

It is precisely to this fear of being nobody, having no worth, that our Judeo-Christian-Humanitarian ethic reminds us that our basic value is not something we achieve in competition with everyone else, but something we gratefully accept along with everyone else. We need not become important, we are important. We need not become somebody, we are somebody. No matter what others may say or think about us, or do to us, we are somebody.

As we grow older and become less able to function physically or mentally as we did in our younger years, we need to remind ourselves, that we are still somebody, with the same dignity and worth, with the same God given inalienable rights. Sometimes when we’re not able to do a lot of the things we used to do, when our body is failing us and our short term memory is not as good as our long term memory, it’s hard for us to accept the fact that we are somebody worthwhile. That’s why it’s important for us retirees to periodically ask ourselves, what is my sense of in ?

Recently, I discovered a Japanese word that captures the importance of having a positive attitude and in our . The word is Ikigai, (pronounced ee-ki-guy) the Japanese word used to describe why I get up in the morning, what my sense of is or in the words of Viktor Frankl, the author of “Man’s Search for Meaning”, what my meaning in is.I love the word Ikigai! I like saying it! I like writing it! Ikigai, Ikigai! But I was even more impressed with the origin of the word and its application for us elders.

Researchers have identified what they call Blue Zones. These are areas throughout the world with a high percentage of centenarians; places where people enjoy remarkably long full lives. Their lives are not only longer but physically and mentally, they are more active than elders in other areas of the world.  National Geographic’s Dan Buettner has traveled the globe to uncover the best strategies for longevity found in these Blue Zones. One of those areas is the Japanese island of Okinawa. It was there that he discovered that one of the characteristics for a long healthy was having an Ikigai. A resident of Okinawa’s Ikigai can be anything from tending their vegetable garden, taking care of great grandchildren, to walking and exercising every day. Whatever it is that motivated them to remain involved, they give credit to their Ikigai. After years of research Dan Buettner concludes:  

“One of the biggest revolutions in thought in our time is the changing of emphasis from physical health to mental health in connection to longevity. The effects of negative stress and “inflammation” are cited more and more frequently as the cause of early death and lowered quality of . One of the most important methods for counteracting that is Ikigai, a sense of . … Ikigai is something that brings joy and contentment. It fills a person with resolve and a sense of satisfaction in what they are doing. Most of all, it brings happiness. ”

One of my heroes, who exemplifies what it means to have an Ikigai, was known as Granny D.    If you don’t remember her, she was a social activist, whose real name was Doris Haddock, from Dublin, New Hampshire. In 1999, at the age of ninety, Granny D. walked 3,200 miles across America to raise awareness about a campaign for political finance . She walked ten miles a day for 14 months. She is widely credited for galvanizing the public support that helped pass the McCain-Feingold Campaign Finance Reform Act in 2002.  

In 2003 at the age of 94, she drove around the country on a 22,000 mile voter registration effort targeting working women and minorities. She cut her tour short to challenge the incumbent New Hampshire senator, Judd Gregg, in the 2004 election. Her grassroots campaign earned her 34% of the vote. In her later years she published a book entitled, You’re Never Too Old to Raise a Little Hell. She died peacefully in her home six weeks after she turned 100 in 2010.  Former president Jimmy Carter described her as “…a true patriot, and our nation has been blessed by here remarkable . Her story will inspire people of all ages for generations to come.”

I’m not suggesting that we all need to follow in Granny D.’s footsteps, by walking 3,200 miles for a righteous cause, or running for the senate. But we can all be motivated by the spirit she modeled by following her Ikigai, and in our own way, seriously consider identifying our own Ikigai. We need to know and follow our values, passions and talents–and to share them by example on a regular basis. It might be by living our lives, with its physical and mental restrictions, as a legacy for our grandchildren or great grandchildren, or showing compassion for those in need, who are less fortunate than we are. Whatever we choose to do, it’s our Ikigai. So what is it that gives your a sense of worth? What gets you out of bed in the morning?  What’s your Ikigai?


1) For more information about the research on Ikigai, see Dan Buttner’s book, The Blue Zones: Lessons for Living Longer From the People Who’ve Lived the Longest, especially Chapter 3, “The Blue Zone in Okinawa” page 61. Or check out,  and the video of Dan giving a lecture on longevity in general, and specifically on Ikigai as one of the components of living a happy and healthy .   2) The webpage for Blue Zones that Dan Buttner and his team found that describes the nine common characteristics of the entire world’s long-lived people, is The secret lays not in diets or excise programs but in creating the right surroundings. These nine characteristics they call the Power 9 which can help you get up to 12 good years out of and help you feel younger at every age. Number two on their list of 9 is Ikigai. 3) Ikigai-Creating Space for the Spiritual in Social Care by Angela Kitching in “Thinking” Social Care in this article, since it is from the UK refers to a continuum of care  It describes how Ikigai could be effectively used in caring for elders, who need Independent Living, Assisted or Skilled Nursing Care.

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